Team Forum 3

Apr 2

The Age of Discovery

Interdisciplinary Forum, during Rhetoric lecture, 1:25-2:15, using the Soc Sci Zoom

In your classes for Team D you have recently studied the period of time that saw the transition from the Medieval Period within Europe to what we can consider the Modern Era. This transition, which roughly dates to the 1500s, led European colonists, entrepreneurs, missionaries, mercenaries, and others to travel across the seas to explore, trade and ultimately conquer the New World as well as various parts of Africa, the Middle East and Asia. In many ways, the shift to the Modern Era focused on the accumulation of knowledge and culture, including the “rediscovery” during the Renaissance of the wisdom of the ancients. But the process also saw the violent exchange of people and natural resources. Centuries later, the legacy of those exchanges continues to shape individual lives, internal politics, and international relations.

Today, the global crisis presented by the COVID-19 pandemic suggests that we could be poised at an analogous inflection point in human history. At some point, the current crisis will be a thing of the past, but the post-pandemic world could be quite different from the one to which we were accustomed. Yuval Noah Harari, author of Sapiens, has speculated on “The World After Coronavirus.” In preparation for our third Team Forum, examine Harari’s article (linked above) in light of your class readings and reflect on the future beyond the current COVID-19 crises. Then post either:

  • An informed conjecture of what a post-pandemic world may look like. (You might focus on a particular part of the world, your home community, or perhaps even a university such as the one you currently attend).
  • An idea of how a post-pandemic world could be a fairer and more equitable world than the one we left behind.
  • A brief discussion of how a 15th or 16th century writer that you read in one of your classes might respond to the current crisis.

We will be reading your responses on the morning of the Team Forum, so aim to post your response in the comments below by 7:00 am on Friday, Apr 2.

79 responses to “Team Forum 3

    • The virus may still exist since it is so hard to eradicate. It eventunally becomes a more powerful version of flu. We may still need to wear masks and do all the things necessary for safety after the pandemic, but not so strictly and radically as it is now. Social distance requirment may be loosen for example.

      However, driven by the need to monitor citizens’ health status, citizens’ privacy may be at risk. Some sort of monitoring of people will be justified by saying:” collecting health data”. At a result, spam calls, spam emails, advertisements may be more prevalent—— if the government choose to monitor every aspect of people. At least, your route may be monitored: my home country does so to ensure you don’t help accelerate the spread of the virus.

    • The world after Covid-19 will not be the one that preceded it, the fear of another pandemic will dominate culture, international relations, travel, and life in all other aspects. I think that masks will continue to be mandatory in public, especially on public transportation, in large gatherings, and in big groups. Restrictions on international trade and travel will increase along with an overall larger fear of contamination through intermingling with other cultures. On the other hand, the public’s fear of disease and outbreak might diminish once Covis-19 passes. People might be very excited to ignore precautions if it means there will be a return to normalcy. I think this juxtaposition will be seen very clearly in colleges and universities, with administrations still enforcing social distancing, masks, and other precautions while students will ignore or avoid them to live as close to a normal life as possible in a pandemic.

    • Life post-pandemic will most certainly not be entirely similar to pre-pandemic society. At least not immediately. Hesitations on health will persist, modified but less strict precautions will likely take place, but COVID-19 will remain in the back of our society’s mind.

      Because of the virus’s physical or nonphysical persistence, I think Harari’s possible scenario of long-lasting biometric surveillance is a very possible result of the pandemic. Not necessarily through actual surveillance, but by requiring proof of vaccinations or quarantine attempts. The reasoning behind keeping technologies of this caliber in place – to prevent a second wave of the coronavirus, or another epidemic/pandemic-causing disease – seems to an extent, adequate and fairly reasonable. However, this much of a reach into personal lives definitely creates a torn mindset between fostering the common good and protecting individual liberty/privacy in some eyes. But as Harari states, with vigilance one can have both. It’ll just take some time.

    • In the post-pandemic world, we might see a turn towards nationalism and isolation. Already we have been communicating mainly through virtual ways for the past year. When health experts declare the pandemic over, will life go completely back to normal? We might find ourselves staying at home even more than we did pre-pandemic, as virtual ways to connect have gained extreme prominence in the past year and have somewhat become our collective new habit. It is much easier to facetime a friend than actually make a plan to hang out. In terms of nationalism, Harari states that some nations have hoarded medical supplies, and that the US attempted to gain a monopoly on a COVID vaccine in Germany. While most of us long for a generous society and the triumph of human cooperation, the pandemic has revealed that, at the end of the day, countries rely on realist theories and will prioritize the well-being of their citizens before others. This is not necessarily a bad thing, but when it comes to a deadly virus, this is somewhat immoral. Additionally, the post-pandemic world might stir up nationalism as countries could potentially be wary of international travelers. On the other hand, international travelers could be seen as inherently being a threat by potentially carrying the virus. However, it is still important to note that these situations still may not turn out to be true in the long run.

    • I remember being asked this same question about month after we went into complete lockdown last year. One of the most pressing concerns my class had then was the possibility of school and work remaining remote forever. I think post-Covid-19 is certainly going to be different, but maybe not as much as we originally thought. The fear of a repeated pandemic will certainly dominate many aspects of our lives—we’ve talked a lot about the future health implications of covid in my global health class, and because the nature of Covid will never allow it to become eradicated, it’s likely it will behave more like how the flu does now and require annual shots. Now that the CDC has determined those with vaccines may be together indoors without masks, I think it is possible we will eventually not be required to wear them (quite a few years out), but some may choose to regardless. Unfortunately, I think it will cause a lot of people to stop taking precautions or fake vaccinations in selfish interests to go back to normal. We can already see institutions preparing to go back to (somewhat) normal. For example, BU has said they are not planning on offering LfA next year, meaning there could be 18,000 undergraduates on campus in the fall. I fully believe there will still be precautions set in place, but we can see people all over the country planning on gathering in large groups again.

    • I think a really interesting way to look at the post-COVID-19 world would be in the same lens as we look at the post 9/11 world: increased surveillance and increased government access into the daily lives of the American people. The same thing can be applied here. Now in a time of emergency, people are much more willing to give up their rights. Yes, there’s vocal opposition to it, but having experienced a pandemic that has affected the country to the extent it did in the United States, most people would be more than willing to start incorporating COVID-19 protocols more regularly into their lives. For example, we’ll probably see temperature checks much more regularly at big events and vaccination records will be much more necessary for more international travel and even smaller things like being able to go to school. Even now, I know that events like concerts are going to start requiring people to show proof of testing negative or proof of vaccination, and many people are responding positively to the increased surveillance if it means returning to normal.

    • Life post-pandemic will never be the same as it was before. As a world community, we’re more self-aware, more cautious, and more fearful. As a country, we’re more divided politically than ever before. I worry less about increased surveillance in the United States, like Harari seemed concerned about, but instead worry about fake vaccination records or people ignoring Covid-19 restrictions. Though the way people have acted during the pandemic has fallen closely along the lines of political parties, I don’t think that will last much longer. I think that as vaccinations ramp up, it will be young people (mainly college and high school students, no matter their political affiliation) who will start acting the way they did pre-Covid-19. People coming of age, who are supposed to be growing and having experiences that they’ve looked forward to, will be the first to ignore restrictions set up by the government or their schools. My assumption is that many people will remain cautious, but many people will throw caution to the wind and try to live exactly how they were before.

    • A post-pandemic world will look very different from a pre-pandemic one. For starters, masks will no longer be socially stigmatized. This was already the case in China before Covid was even a thing. We can expect health screenings to be frequent and normal. We can also expect some sort of a socially distanced society. For example, before Covid, standing withing one foot or someone while having a conversation was not weird. There was always that “personal bubble” that if one intruded, it would naturally make you take a step back. However, I can expect this personal space bubble to extend outwards. I can already see myself wanting to stand further away from people without a conscious reason. Before the pandemic, I always thought that my privacy was not a thing I should place much value on because nobody is truly private anymore. I know that with the level of surveillance and connectivity nowadays, I expect my every move to be recorded, and I act like there is no ability to undo what I’ve done. The internet doesn’t forget, so reputation is the only thing we have to stand behind anymore. I feel like the pandemic will create a social stigmatism around lack of hygiene and people (like anti-vaxxers) who do not have much regard for public health. In all, the post-pandemic would be a much more health-conscious place and that’s a good thing as hopefully, it will prevent further pandemics.

    • The world as we knew it pre-pandemic will likely never exist again. A post-pandemic world is a cautious one. Even after everyone who wants a vaccine gets one, the alertness and anxiety around health and bacteria is still going to be there. People will most likely continue to wear masks, sanitize and wash their hands extra often, and limit how many people they find themselves around in a certain area at a certain time. Of course we know about the Bubonic Plague and the Spanish Flu, epidemics/pandemics that dominated society centuries ago. Everyone who lived to experience it died out and everyone else eventually eased into the idea that this wouldn’t happen again, letting their guard down to enjoy “normal” life. But here we are, in the middle of a global pandemic. Our world is going to move forward being more cautious than ever, really understanding that this could happen at anytime, anywhere, with no warning.

    • The post-pandemic world will be a lot more cautious than the world pre-pandemic. When major viruses/ diseases spread people become a lot more conscientious of their habits. How many times a day they wash their hands, bringing hand sanitizer everywhere, actually washing for the recommended time- these are all very significant to creating a healthy environment and currently defending against the Corona Virus. Masks also will not leave fashion for a while. Even though people complain now, many are likely to still be fearful of getting sick and therefore will wear a mask even past when the mandate is lifted. While I do think the global pandemic has had some sense of global community and awareness, I do think that prejudice against Asian-Americans will also be around for a while. People when they are scared rationalize certain mindsets, and once they are stuck in those mindsets it is very hard to get out. Further, I do not think the importance of technology will just go away, during the pandemic people have found quicker and easier ways of doing things with technology and may not find it reasonable to go back. The fear will be long-lasting, what that can mean for the post-pandemic world relies heavily upon how individuals view the pandemic and the world’s involvement in it.

    • The post-pandemic world will not be the same world from before. As much as we hope for things to go back to “normal”, we might need create a new definition of normal. I do think that masks will continue for a while because of the fear of your surroundings, but I don’t think everyone will follow it. I think that these precautions that everyone is taking will slowly “die down”, but still be in place. I think that there will still be a fear of being in large group gatherings like concerts, parties and etc. It is obviously hard to tell what the future will look like because we all thought this would be over within two weeks when we were sent home from school. Covid will be something that is never forgotten and I think it will have some sort of annual shot to prevent it. I always thought about how it is possible for covid to just go away entirely when we were stuck at home for month. People went around saying that things would be fine by summer, but now we are approaching a second summer with covid. We can see how many different institutions, like BU, are already announcing plans for next year. How do we know what things are going to look like in the next few months? Obviously with vaccines rolling out things are looking a lot better for the future in comparison to last year, but it is still hard to tell where we will be in the next few months.

    • An adjustment to a new normal and style of life will be necessary in order to proceed into the post-pandemic world. To a certain extent, people will be less inclined to be in crowded areas and as social as they were previously. That being said, I believe younger people, specifically college-aged students, are less likely to follow these precautions in an attempt to gain a normal college experience.

      However, I think that this new style of living will be the most impactful on younger children. For more than a year, a long time to a little child, children have been told that they are not able to become close to their friends and in some cases, family as well. Children develop essential social skills and gain immunity to multiple sicknesses when they are in pre-school and kindergarten. I believe it will be seen that the children are less social and timider when being introduced to new people.

    • Yes, things will go back to somewhat normal once the coronavirus gets “better.” However, the virus and our battle against the virus are not over until everyone on this earth is free from the virus. Until then, it is not officially over. Schools will open, restaurants will be crowded, but our lives will and should not go back to the pre- Pandemic society that people hope for. People will still need to wear masks in crowded places and should still be careful until the virus completely disappears. Yuval Noah Harari makes an argument that people’s privacy may be in danger from government monitoring of human information. Is it possible to protect people’s privacy and their health at the same time? I think it is possible to protect both. I don’t think the system to keep track of people is necessary and constitutional. I think the majority of people have now realized that if they want to go back to their normal lives, they need to be cautious. No one wants to quarantine. No one wants to hear about the stay in home order. Harari argues that as long as people rely far more on testing, honest reporting, and on the willing cooperation of a well-informed public, we should be in a good position.

    • The virus seems to continuously mutate; it seems that the post Covid era is in a long time to come. With this in mind, I believe that the altercations in everyday life like indoor mask wearing as well as online, learn for anywhere schooling at universities will continue to stay put. The online college option has made education more accessible for international students and with most students not attending university in person, colleges will perhaps be able to admit more students as the physical carrying capacity for students on campus will be reduced, making room for more students. This also applies to people working from home. I believe that in the future people who previously attended their jobs in person will continue to work from home. Many people commute hours back and forth to their jobs which eats away at their time they could be spending with their families or doing work. It also allows families to be with their children while they work, and not have to worry about hiring a babysitter. This is a great option for new mothers as well who would benefit from staying home to take care of their babies. Based on this I don’t believe that the post Covid era will look much different from today. While I am sure that mask wearing will be optional, I am confident that older citizens will continue to wear them out to avoid contracting things like the flu.

    • The post pandemic world will be completely different to the pre pandemic world. Sure, things may go back to “normal”, but the effects of coronavirus will be long lasting. Like Harari pointed out, the privacy of people will be at risk. Just because life goes back to normal does not mean the government will reign in their surveillance of citizens. In general, people will take falling ill more seriously. Perhaps this will be because of a subconscious worry that cities might re-enter a quarantine status. Companies might crack down on health safety, and certain places still may require masks for workers and/or costumers.

    • I think that post-pandemic world not be the same for everyone since COVID-19 has altered many lives and institutions. Public events and large gatherings could be possible.Public spaces and institutions would change their protocols from the pandemic but not go back to times before. Universities, teachers, and students would have to adjust to possibly in person classes from online. However, I think that certain aspects of the current pandemic world would stay. Masks and extra precautions to prevent spread of viruses in general would most likely still be encouraged or mandated for the safety of the public. Prejudice and racism would most likely continue. Resistance towards science and technology could also continue. These things occur because of the how divided local and global communities are. Like Harari stated there is a need of the public’s empowerment to cooperate and global unity in order to reach a post-pandemic time. It of course would never go back to what we used to consider normal but we can improve the conditions now for a hopeful future.

    • I’m sure as the pandemic passes and the world returns to “normal”, people will constantly be fearing another global disaster like this one. Also, I think the US will have an issue surrounding the topic of science as many people are making false claims and comments on the COVID vaccine and other scientific facts that have been brought to public attention. I think it’s important that people are aware of science that affects them during their day to day life, but many people go beyond their scope of knowledge and assume things that just aren’t true. I think Harari explains this very well in the article about how some people will follow politicians that really are only in it for themselves, and don’t have the best interest of the people. Science should not be a partisan issue and I think people should be encouraged to think for themselves and really try and understand what scientists have been trying to teach us. Without cooperation of the majority, unfortunately, I don’t think the US can get to a stable place societal wise and that this change was definitely affected by, if not caused by, the pandemic.

    • The Covid-19 pandemic has undoubtedly left a very significant and lasting change on our society. The pandemic has created a time of grief, panic, and violence. It has further revealed political division, economic disparity, and racism across not only the United States but globally as well. The world will never go back to what it used to. However, despite all of the unfortunate circumstances that have arisen due to the pandemic, it is imperative to just take a second break to remind ourselves of the shared humanity that has got us through one of the most difficult times of our lives, and to realize some of the progress that we have made as a species and society. For example, of the most significant and beneficial changes to our society, as a result of the pandemic, is how many people now regularly take safety precautions in public areas such as wearing masks, regularly sanitizing, washing hands more often, taking temperatures, and social distancing. I find it quite interesting how I, and I know many other people can also relate, totally forgot that other viruses such as the flu even existed. Well, you are not to blame: according to Healthline, the United States has experienced a 98% decrease in flu cases this season as opposed to last season. That is a remarkable number and just proves that we can mitigate the spread of all kinds of bacteria, germs, viruses, all just from taking basic safety precautions when in public. Ultimately, despite all of the hardships that we have all faced over the course of the pandemic, I believe that it has also made positive lasting changes to the world we live in today. We have become more aware and cautious of our healths unlike ever before, shared our humanity unlike ever before, and become even stronger people than we once were. We are coming out of the pandemic with professors and teachers who have adapted to online schooling and worked immensely hard to create successful teaching systems for students to continue learning, doctors and frontline workers who have worked endless hours treating patients and gaining valuable experience, scientists who have worked in labs every single day for the past year to formulate a working vaccine, and parents working even harder to support their families, and the list goes on and on. We should realize and appreciate all of these achievements we have made, all of the hard work we have put in every day, and applaud ourselves for them. Post-pandemic for me will mean to appreciate the little things in life and to slow down to enjoy my humanity on earth. I wonder how everyone else thinks they have been impacted post-pandemic.

    • I actually don’t think the post-pandemic world will be much different than the world before it, especially when looking at a cultural framework. I think that if there’s one thing the pandemic has taught us, it’s how shockingly easy it is for us to adapt to situations as the new norm; many key politicians, including the former president, had suggested learning to live with Covid rather than trying to actively combat it. Because of this numbness, I think it’s quite likely that if we don’t make needed changes to our country’s faults that the pandemic has exposed — healthcare, unemployment, economic inequality, etc — we may all too easily forget about the pandemic and view it just as a distant memory.

      So many comparisons have been made to the 1918 outbreak of “Spanish Influenza,” however life after one of the deadliest pandemics in history was not dominated by fear of future pandemics or the need to prepare for one: ironically what followed was the roaring 20’s. Even though changes were made after the outbreak, such as the founding of the W.H.O. or the gradual shift to socialized healthcare, the world’s psyche was left unfazed. And in our modern day, issues like healthcare have become so polarizing that headway is unlikely. Perhaps the world after COVID-19 will see changes like those following the 1918 pandemic, but I don’t think it’s guaranteed and I don’t think the average person will change how they view things.

      Rather than unifying people, many have used diseases like today’s as an excuse to further divide us — cases in “red states” vs “blue states,” what country “started it,” a surge of discrimination and violence against Asian Americans in the U.S. Not to mention, last year saw dozens of Black Americans killed by the police and a record number of trans people killed. As well, 2020 saw its fair share of wars with conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan and a border clash between India and China.

      The world after Covid will not be immediately different. Gradually, over time, countries may prepare themselves and make changes, however people will forget: they will become numb to the pain and desire to return to “normal.” If we really want to change how people think — how they view issues like healthcare or their ability to unify with their neighbor rather than blame them for society’s problems — it will take more than a pandemic. It till take a concerted and constant effort, to not only change minds but our culture as a whole.

    • I believe that life after COVID-19 will eventually return to normal, but the time it will take will be a lot longer than most people like to think. In the short run, masks and social distancing will undoubtedly still remain as a staple for the present future of two or three years most likely. I feel like many institutions will still enact some sort of policy to regulate distancing and coronavirus restrictions. However, the change we’ll most likely see is the social attitude towards these policies. At the peak of the pandemic, most people would abide the restrictions and policies set forth due to fear and preservation. But as we see nowadays, more and more people are forgoing these policies in light of vaccinations and the the fact that many are weary of the pandemic. With forthcoming years, I feel like more and more people will disregard any remaining safety precautions. In the long term, I do believe that the world will return to some state of normalcy as humans have a tendency to forget the past quickly. However, one thing I think will change is how much government surveillance a country will enforce. In light of managing the spread, certain countries have taken more invasive steps to monitor the virus’s growth, while others have yet to. I think the effectiveness between the two choices could set a future precedent depending on which outcome fares better in the longterm.

    • Masks are going to remain a common practice for many for a long time, if not permanently, post pandemic. The world has entered a different stage, we are now aware of how connected we all are to each other, and how close we have gotten. I think that the world is moving in a completely new direction that none of us are qualified enough to speculate on. The past year has been full of events that we would think outrageous if we were told about them a year ago. We have now truly entered the cyber age. With the progress made in zoom schooling and remote jobs, the education system and workforce will never be the same. When the pandemic is over I speculate that many who can, will not want to return to their in person jobs, being at home is simply far more comfortable for many. There have been even more developments that support our further dive into the net. For example, e-trade has recently exploded with profit, the value of bitcoin and NFT’s has gotten into the millions. The world is changing, and it is going to cause conflict and kickback for years. Nevertheless, the switch to cyber space has begun, we have taken the first step in minimizing face to face contact. I feel this will eventually become the norm.

    • The current coronavirus pandemic is bound to leave some sort of lasting impact on the world, whether that be related to our social precautions or more overarching concepts such as the economy and international relations. In the past year, our lives have been completely flipped upside down and we have had to learn an entirely new set of social protocol, such as always wearing masks, staying six feet apart, and avoiding any large gatherings. Children will be particularly impacted by these changes as they will have not known anything different. Therefore, they will only imagine their life as it has been during the pandemic and will have an even harder time reverting back to our old habits once the pandemic has ceased. Perhaps this is a positive development, as people are less likely to become ill with the emphasis on cleanliness. Despite this, I believe that a large portion of our American society will quickly forget about our COVID precautions, or at least no longer worry nearly as much about them, especially with the vaccine. Hence, the lasting impacts of the coronavirus will most likely be on the economy and countries’ relationships with each other, as Harari was hinting towards. It seems like it will be quite challenging to completely reverse the drastic rates of unemployment and revert the negative ties America has with other countries due to how poorly we handled the virus. Social life may eventually transform back to being similar to pre-pandemic life, but America’s overall image and placement in the world could be permanently altered.

    • I’d imagine in the future after the pandemic, the world would not be the same. Society will continue to be cautious about sanitary procedures, and wearing masks might still be an enforced policy. Or, if not required, will be preferred by certain individuals. I know personally I couldn’t exactly imagine myself ever being comfortable standing in a place crowded with people in, for example, public transportation. I’d be much more cautious and aware of my sanitation which was unlike how I behaved before the pandemic. Furthermore, Harari’s mention of government surveillance seems to be quite plausible post-pandemic. He gave an example of China’s procedure of keeping records of individual’s medical condition to keep track of people who came in contact with covid. I could imagine this possibly being a requirement, not specifically of a track record of each person’s medical record, but needing vaccination or other medical records for something like international travel. Additionally, trust, like Harari said is extremely vital to battling against COVID-19, and with what has happened now, it seems as if there is little trust in both the people to their government and countries to one another. I hope in the future, like Harari, there can be a rebuild of relationships.

    • In a post COVID-19 world, the United States will not be the same as what it was like before the pandemic. People in countries like New Zealand and South Korea have already started their post-pandemic life. To be hopeful, I’d like to think the US could turn out like those countries, where everything is opened, no one has to wear masks, and can visit friends and family without worry, but I don’t think that will be the case in the US. People will still be cautious of getting sick (from COVID or just the common cold). While masks probably wouldn’t be required, some people might continue to wear them when they’re traveling to work or around big groups of people in public. State governments in the US would implement more ways to keep the cities and their transportation system clean. Public hand sanitizer dispensers would be installed and available for people to clean their hands. States might remove the limit on the number of people in a certain store or area but larger social gatherings would be less common than before.

    • Life after the pandemic will, most clearly, never be the same. In fact, traces of what life will be later can be seen nowadays, with people ringing away from seeing others close together, even in films and videos made years upon years ago. As an overall society, the world has become much more cognizant and aware, yet also more fearful in a way. Many want to go back to their normal lives, but in reality, I don’t think there really is a set notion of normal anymore. Everyone reacted so differently during this pandemic that rifts have formed in every community, causing greater separation than was previously seen. Hopefully, people will come back together safely, gaining happiness from interacting freely at last with other human beings. People might become almost too over attentive, clamming up at the smallest things; but hopefully, we will be, as a world society, much more prepared for an event like this in the future.

    • Post- pandemic, what an optimistic term. I guess there has to be optimism to be able to continue everyday not knowing what the future holds. I am not sure what the world will be like after the coronavirus has subsided; however, in terms of the United States I think nothing of significance will change. After such a radical shift in the norm, in movies for example, the main character changes (usually for the better good) after a drastic change. But, the United States had an opportunity to change and they did not. They had a chance to prioritize their citizen’s physical wellbeing over the economy but they did not. The reason I do not think this country will change significantly is because in its foundation lies cooperate greed and economical profit. While some may argue it was Trump’s leadership role that was damaging, it was the citizens of this country that elected him in the first place. He is not the problem, we are. This country, especially our economic system, promotes this kind of behavior in people; people do not have a choice to do the morally right thing because they will not have the means to pay their bills and will starve. I want to believe in a stronger, more united word than the one we left behind- but it will never change until we change the foundation on which we stand on.

    • The coronavirus has illuminated a lot of things about this world that were previously glossed over, but it has cast an everlasting spotlight on healthcare and hygiene. From now on, most places are going to be cleaner than they’ve ever been before with the augmented focus on sanitization, and rightfully so. Disease has constantly plagued humanity and it’s about time we develop and advance our technology and knowledge to finally control it. The symptom of a fever has been a part of every illness in history books, so monitoring body temperatures will become routine after such a devastating pandemic. Among the many inequalities the coronavirus has exposed, the universal human right to health has been obvious. The future will hopefully see a more fair treatment of medical services as humans increasingly put their trust in science. This has been about life and death for everyone, and I’d like to think that it’s part of our human nature to be empathetic so that we might actually come together to make this world a better place.

    • A post-pandemic world is one that many look forward to experiencing. Yet individuals might live in an entirely different society than before. As Hariri mentioned in “The World After Coronavirus,” society has become increasingly reliant on technology for school and necessities like grocery shopping. I believe this reliance on technology will only escalate once life goes back to normal as individuals have realized how convenient it is to complete tasks over a technological device rather than manual labor. Along with this new awareness of technical capabilities, societies have become aware of the racism and inequality in the health system. Unfortunately, in the peak of covid-19 cases spreading, minorities in the U.S were not given enough financial and medical support. As communities populated by minorities lacked governmental support, they also faced higher covid death rates. In a post-pandemic world, the United States must reduce inequality within the health system and make insurance more available to individuals. Hospitals must also better represent their health care workers with social and financial protection as many nurses and doctors faced unethical treatment to certain degrees.

    • While I am hopeful for society to be back to normal, realistically speaking the coronavirus pandemic is something that will have a lasting impact on us. Even if life post-pandemic does somehow return back to pre-covid time, it will not happen overnight, rather it would take time for us to heal. Even if the majority of people get vaccinated, the presence of masks and social distancing will still exist. Due to pandemic, I believe people have started to fear or forget how to interact with one another. However, at the same time as it was easy for us to adapt to current times while the pandemic was occurring, it means that we are capable of reverting back, in terms of mindset. There will be some that would easily and heavily embrace the return to normalcy, however, there will also be some that will still desire the extra cleanliness found within buildings. Besides the social aspect, covid created a lasting effect on the economy. While encouraging to think unemployment will return to normal, in truth it’s not a probable outcome. Depending on the sale’s reports, businesses may even decide to keep employees remote, which influences the entire workforce situation.

    • The world after this pandemic will never be the same. The world has gone through trauma that won’t be easy to recover from. The countless deaths are hard to forget and as a result, society as a whole will be significantly more careful. Personal hygiene and cleanliness will be improved for the most part. The concept of washing your hands multiple times a day and sanitizing thoroughly will be engraved into our daily routine. It was easy to be complacent before because the imminent threat wasn’t as major as possibly dying from the Coronavirus but now most of the members of society do everything in their power to stay safe. In addition, I can’t imagine overcrowded streets and restaurants so I definitely think social distancing, and limiting capacity in certain places will still be practiced for years to come. A lot of people believe life will be back to normal after most members of society are vaccinated and herd immunity kicks in, but there’s still going to be a lingering trauma and fear of another pandemic.

    • Life post pandemic will NEVER be the same as life before. With the optimization of “work-from-home” technology, employers will not see the need to have 100% of their employees return to work. Furthermore, COVID-19 has further highlighted the inequities surrounding our healthcare system- hopefully encouraging those in power to push for a change.

      According to other virologists and infections disease experts the likelihood of another pandemic in the near future is high due to the close contact of humans and animals. With this in consideration, I imagine more intense rules, regulations, and testing will be put in place to attempt to prevent a pandemic from ever growing to the place COVID-19 has gotten to.

    • I believe one of the biggest immediate or short-term effects we’ll see in the post-pandemic world is a huge movement on sanitization and taking preventative actions from unknown viruses and diseases. Although it was already important that people were being sanitary — taking frequent showers, washing their hands whenever they use the bathroom or come from outside, sanitizing before you eat — these measures were sort of measures that people automatically assumed growing up, but was not so much something that was actively talked about. Now, in a post-pandemic world, this will be one of the many dire topics that everyone would need to understand. It’s not something that can no longer be talked lightly about or brushed upon; it will be on the top of everyone’s mind. Everyone will fear a future pandemic, and governments will make drastic changes in laws and reform policies to prepare for the possibility of another pandemic long into the future.

      Secondly, and extremely saddening and not talked about enough, is the fact that there will be a lot of racism against the east-Asian community that will thrive after this pandemic. There has been a skyrocketing increase in hate crimes and anti-Asian propaganda spotlighted all over media and in our streets as we see many people so desperately want a scapegoat or someone to blame for something that is not explainable. This, unfortunately, is a pattern seen in viral outbreaks. For instance, when the ebola outbreak in 2014 was extremely heightened and talked about all over the news and in the media, there had been a lot of hate and stereotypes made against West Africans and to the African community in general. Therefore, it is expected to see many movements and possibly protests arise, and social disunity between such racists and allies during and post-pandemic.

    • After reading Harari’s conjecture about the world after COVID-19, it is difficult not to consider what the world could have been given different circumstances. Could we have avoided hundreds of thousands to millions of deaths under better leadership and global cooperation? The date March 2020 haunts the globe with thousands of “what ifs?”, but as the pandemic is beginning to dissolve, humanity gets to wonder “what now?”

      Recently, I went on a walk and saw a child size mask on the sidewalk, and I thought back to March 2020, when my community in Colorado voiced concerns about what education would look like under a lockdown. Many children rely on Colorado school districts for meals, and thankfully, the districts formed food banks to support those facing food insecurity. After reflecting on these concerns from the onset of the pandemic, I wonder what the effect of COVID adapted education will be, especially on young children. The loss of socialization, secure meals, and a respite separate from home life will likely leave many children stunted. My hope is that as a result of this outbreak, more funds will be allocated to schools and teachers because they have proven to be vital to the development of children, the next generation of people taking care of the earth.

    • The world after the pandemic will a lot like the one we used to live in before the pandemic, but will have a greater trust in science. Whether you’re looking at the countries that heeded to the scientists warnings and followed social distancing requirements over these last two years or are looking at the countries with half hearted efforts to follow social distancing requirements, credible science routinely proves to be the solution. In the countries that followed the words of the scientists, things worked out just as the scientists would say and they were able to reopen quickest and with minimal casualties. In the countries where the government and its citizens decided to play the long game, the pandemic persisted much longer then it needed to, and was only halted (currently in the process of being halted) by vaccines developed by the same scientists that recommended social distancing protocols. While those who lived the through the pandemic on the side against science will still continue to be headstrong and not abandon their beliefs despite the clear evidence against it, history will show the success of science which will hopefully boost the publics trust in science going forward.

    • Although it is imagined that the coronavirus will hopefully be gone or under control at some point in the future, a post-pandemic world is one that most people are uncertain of. With all of the “experiments” and innovative ideas that came along with the pandemic, such as virtual school and work as Harari mentions, people will be able to do more than what was recently considered unimaginable or was not considered in the first place. Masks have played such an important part during the pandemic, and although people will be excited to walk around with bare faces once it is safe, they may not entirely go away. Before the pandemic, wearing masks had already been accepted into fashion in other countries, and masks have contained the spread of the flu and cold within the past year. Keeping masks around as an option to wear if you’re feeling sick and not wanting to spread germs to your fellow students or coworkers would be a reasonable solution post-pandemic.

    • I think the post-pandemic world would be quite different from the pre-pandemic world. Our lives might go back to normal again; however, it will be a challenging process for individuals, society, and the world. Considering from an individual perspective, many people would keep some of their routines during the pandemic because of the fear and psychological shadow the pandemic brought. For example, online classes might become a new norm for students and teachers. People would probably continue wearing masks when going out, sanitizing their hands frequently, and keeping their distance from others. Secondly, choosing between freedom and health would be a massive problem for society. Since government tries to monitor people’s health status, citizens’ privacy might be at risk in some countries. According to Harari, it is essential to make the right choice, or else we will find ourselves losing freedom under social constraints. Lastly, from a global perspective, going back to regular traveling might take a long time since countries fear that citizens from elsewhere would bring the virus into their countries. The Tokyo Olympics, for example, would probably be held in a very different form this year. The Japanese government has decided to exclude overseas spectators as part of efforts to prevent the virus’s spread. Overall, the virus has affected people negatively in various ways. However, all things will pass, and once we get used to all of the changes, we might find ourselves living in a better world someday.

    • Life post-pandemic won’t be the same as before. We are going to see traces of the lasting impact of coronavirus. Even when people get vaccinations, the sense of insecurity and fear will be very likely to exist and last for a while. Since we have already adapted to the life of wearing masks and keeping social distance during the pandemic, it reassembles to conjecture that we might not feel as comfortable as the life pre-pandemic when we are free to gather and contact friends and even a large group of people without feeling any pressure. Meanwhile, from a country’s level, we would be more aware of the importance of helping each other out rather than focusing on the present interest of its own. As Harari mentions, global co-operation is essential during the pandemic. Hopefully, countries after the coronavirus would realize the importance of working together and coming up with good plans together when there’s a problem arising again.

    • This pandemic has already been very telling when it comes to how certain groups of people are inclined to behave during a health crisis, as a substantial number of individuals and politicians have repeatedly failed to follow health safety protocols. While COVID-19 and mask-wearing norms have made them more identifiable, once the world returns to normal, they’ll once again blend in among the crowd. While I should hope that future political discourse will be able to better address the clear problems the U.S. faces in terms of preparing for a pandemic, I can’t help but imagine a significant portion of the post-pandemic world will not budge on the issue. There will be many who, rightfully, realize the error of their ways and decide that this pandemic showcased how inadequate America’s health safety measures are. However, if there’s around twenty or thirty percent of the population who thought it was a fake pandemic, and continue to think this way after the pandemic has long since passed, what can be done, if anything, to change their minds? I can only hope that those who have flipped on the issue will become advocates for health reform and help persuade others who are warier of scientific findings.

    • My hometown is already leaning towards the post-pandemic life as what am I feeling and living in. Here in Beijing, face musk would still be required though it’s not strictly forced; dozens of different surveillance appear to make sure the pandemic stays in control and wouldn’t cause further harm. And as Harare described, there is still a conflict between surveillance and privacy, yet people wouldn’t struggle too much for the stable life they wished. People would go out carelessly and have less caution as they did during the pandemic. The tourism will slowly go back to its origin yet never reach the peak it once had.

    • I believe that the post-pandemic world is already starting to look vastly different from that of the world we previously knew. It is starting to look as if the world of international relations is going to be extremely complicatad and difficult to manage when the world resumes back to some level of ‘normal’. Conflict over vaccine rollout between the UK and the EU has been a contraversial topic in the last few weeks, as leaders are more concerned with making life more difficult for the party that just left the EU rather than exporting vaccines to safeguard their population.

      Additionally, might the coronavirus be the start of inter-state trade war? Relations between the US and China were headed for a downward spiral in the last couple of years, but there is no doubt that the pandemic fastracked this souring relationship. China’s lack of cooperation with the WHO has left many frustrated and since it looks like their economy will be most successful in the next few years, it is no surprise the US isn’t exactly embracing the situation. As a result of all of this interstate and governmental conflict, I would not be surprised if we see less worldwide interaction and see countries becoming more isolationist.

    • For the post-pandemic world, the whole economic development will be extremely slow, and there will be an economic transformation. After the pandemic, people will be more cautious of their spending and investment as they will have sense of crisis, so they will be unwilling to consume on those unnecessary products. People will consider to save a portion of their money to face the emergent situations. After the pandemic, people will find that there will be an explosion in the medical industry, because people will become more aware of the importance of medical care and many subsequent diseases will drive the development of the medical industry. It will also have an impact on the development of technology and the operation mode of the company in the future. For example, working at home may become a normal situation in the future, and more and more technological products may serve for remote connection.

    • I believe it is certain that this pandemic will radically alter the world, in both large-scale and also intimate ways. Like Harari said, there is such a lack of trust in US institutions these days, prompted by the last administration’s pervasive demonization of the media. As such, millions of Americans are determined not to get the vaccine or follow current or future Covid restrictions, as they believe it is in an infringement of their rights or unjust. Millions more Americans, undeterred by the undermining of journalism and scientific reality that occurred under Trump, argue that vaccine passports should be necessary, that all Covid restrictions should still be applied nationally and publically, and that there be penalties for people who discovery guidelines and put others at risk. This conflict between American citizens was already one boiling up in the last few decades, as historically some constituents would sacrifice some “rights” for the well-being of society, and some
      constituents would rather hold on to their own personal liberties with no thought as to how their actions diminish the safety/security of others. Watching how this political/ethical dilemma plays out nationally over the next few years will be very intriguing, but again, this type of domestic conflict which has been spurred by the pandemic will most assuredly be bubbling over in America very soon.

    • Life post-pandemic will never be the same as what it used to be because everyone has endured the struggles of the pandemic. From school to work to home, all aspects of life have been impacted by the rules of social distancing and wearing masks. I also believe everyone would be more cautious about the start of another pandemic, so if another virus were to be spread, people would probably try to follow rules more in the beginning. Because the pandemic has been around for over a year, most people can’t wait for life to go back to normal, but life would probably not go back to normal for a couple of years due to the long-lasting effects of COVID-19.

    • The post-pandemic world will be a world a long time in the making. It may not come as fast as we want it to, and there’s no guarantee it comes ever. There is a real possibility that the coronavirus continues to mutate and create new strains, becoming much like the flu in the pre-pandemic world. A post-coronavirus world is no guarantee.

      That being said, a post covid world is a nice thing to speculate about. It provides hope. Most likely, the pandemic will live on in the collective consciousness of the population of the world, and it will not be forgotten anytime soon. The young people of the world, much as they have through the pandemic, will likely ignore it to a greater degree than the elderly. The world will hopefully become more health-conscious as a whole, and it is a possibility that healthcare becomes more prioritized by governments the world over, although little hope can realistically be had considering the response of various governments to the virus when it was active. One can only hope that the entire mess that has occurred due to covid will build some sort of anger among the population of nations that chose to continue pursuing their geopolitical agendas rather than helping their own population, but again, the future holds no guarantees.

    • The virus will still exist with us, and it is very likely to keep mutating to a more harmful version of itself. People’s life style has to change with the virus. People may need to vaccinate vaccines every half year in order to defend the novel coronaviruses. Wearing mask to everywhere we go might be permanent restriction on us, and it seems to be a new realm that fashion companies can step into: more fashionable mask.

      For education, which I believe will change the most for post-pandemic world, universities might introduce more online courses for student to choose with. A better online education system will be constructed, which will be more convenient for both students and teachers to use. The option of online education might enable more student to have better education since online courses should be given a cheaper price.

    • Our world post Coronavirus will never be as it was before. I believe that masks will now be a standard in our society even if it is not necessary to wear them anymore. Sanitizing and washing hands will be happening a lot more than before the virus. I also believe that large gatherings will try to be avoided due to fear of another virus happening again. The thing is, even with all these precautions that some will take, I believe that eventually, people will stop caring about these precautions.

    • I believe the Coronavirus will become what the Flu is to society. Due to the stay-at-home orders and the other precautions being taken the Flu has nearly disappeared. Thus, it feels like nature has occurred and one virus is being replaced by another.

      What I am not looking forward to is the people that will make it their personality to talk about how they never got the virus or the people who will complain that they didn’t have a prom? People always find ways to diminish huge events and turn them into jokes. I am not looking forward to that.

    • The world may never return to “normalcy” ever again. The Covid-19 pandemic changed the world in a way that I personally never seen before. People lost lives, jobs, homes, everything. The recovery from all this will be a long and arduous one for most of the population. The one thing that did shock me was the divide in the United States and around the world. Maybe it is because I am naive, but I thought communities all around the world will come together to support one another. Rather, I saw more division than ever before. I don’t want to sound dark or harsh, but I honestly think that our post-pandemic world will be a continuation of this divide. The pandemic brought out the worst in a lot of people and it seems like the extremes of people are going further and further away as each day passes.

    • People of the post-pandemic world will most likely be sick and tired of being locked up and restricted. People want to get back to some conventional sense of normalcy. I believe we will never get the world we once had but, we will get a more monitored and semi-normal life back.

      I believe the Coronavirus will still exist and have occasional “outbreaks” or flareups just like the flu in the post-pandemic world. In addition, I believe the fear of another pandemic will still be at the back of people’s minds but, will not heavily influence people’s actions as much as it once did. This fear surrounding the virus and another pandemic will most likely be in the minds of older generations, not so much in our generation and younger. Younger people see themselves as the most healthy, in their prime, invincible even (in some cases), making very strict rules and restrictions, like those imposed during the pandemic, to be very unpopular and unsustainable. The young people around my age missed out on their senior years, proms, graduations, freshman year college experiences, etc. and just want to be able to lead the lives they have been dreaming of since they were kids.

      I also infer that masks will not be made mandatory since the vast majority of the world’s population will have most likely received the vaccine. However, I see masks still to be popular and/or mandated for the remainder of this year, at the very least. The cautious and fearful on the other hand, will probably continue to wear them while in congested and tight spaces. I also see stricter security and tracking of people in efforts to curb outbreaks and another lockdown. This close monitoring and tracking will end up being controversial and be seen as an invasion of privacy to many, sparking even more divide among the people and distrust in the government in places like the US specifically.

      All in all, I believe we will get back some normalcy at the price of the relinquishment of some of our privacy and freedom in efforts to maintain outbreaks and prevent another pandemic.

    • Life post-pandemic won’t be 100% the same. Majority of the world are more cautious and worried of being in crowded areas and masks will definitely be more normalized. The vaccines given out I think people assume life will go back to normal but I don’t believe that would be the case, we’re in a time where we’ve adjusted to this pandemic and will most likely utilize certain things even after the pandemic is over like sanitizing hands very frequently, wearing masks, social distancing outside. People will have a fear of attending large social gatherings like parties. I think this pandemic has made myself, and I’m sure others too, appreciate the little things like our health and spending time with family. I do hope things go somewhat back to normal soon but this pandemic/virus has somehow become a political thing? Which is concerning because everyones main goal/hope is for this pandemic to be over so we can enjoy life with less restrictions but because a small majority refuse to wear masks simply because they don’t want to or it violates their “rights” makes it really hard to achieve that goal. I would say it’ll be a long while before things clear up unfortunately.

    • After the pandemic is over, I think life has the potential to go back to normal, but only with the full trust of the public. College students and younger people will most likely be willing to participate in activities with large crowds, as they are less at risk and desire to live life similar to that before the pandemic. As a society, I believe that the public will be more hesitant to come in close contact with people, which could be unhealthy because human behavior is built on socialization. Normalcy is an evolving term, and catastrophic events have changed social norms throughout history. The fact is, nobody is going to forget about this epidemic in the near future, so COVID-19 safety precautions (probably less extreme), may be the new normal.

    • A post-pandemic modern society will be radically different in terms of new health precautions in the mundane and expected sense. This past year has seen a dramatic shift in how the society organizes travel, leisure, gatherings, etc. Going forward, I would be surprised if our country ever fully returned to “normal”. I believe online ordering and contactless delivery will continue in its popularity, making regular daily life more isolating. I believe people will continue to wear masks in large social gatherings for fear of their own safety. I can imagine clubs, events, airlines and more will continue to ask customers to reserve tickets to limit numbers.

      After 9/11, the U.S. similarly adapted safety precautions in all walks of life. Just as the rise of the TSA checkpoints became the new normal to ease public safety concerns, I believe airlines (such as Delta) will continue to employ sanitization efforts in their aircrafts.

      I can also imagine that there will continue to be conflict between the majority of the country and the alt right, with regards to “fear mongering” and infringements on “freedom”. Many don’t like to be inconvenienced, and I can’t imagine that sentiment will change in the near future. The past year has become a Salem witch hunt to catch the inconsiderate few who refuse wearing masks and following COVID safety protocols. Much of this pandemic has concerned itself with asserting their own moral high ground (with the popularity of cancel culture) as opposed to truly caring about those at risk.

    • Yuval Noah Harari discusses several aspects of life in a post-pandemic world that are bound to change. For example, in the beginning of the article, he highlights the changes in the privacy of citizens that are going to occur as a result of the pandemic. For example, Harari discusses the technological advancements in monitoring done by the government. Similarly, in general, a world post-pandemic will be much more hygienic. For example, Harari discussed how the idea of washing your hands with soap was only created in the 19th century. Most importantly, according to Harari, a world post-pandemic will be one of unity and global solidarity. If not, crises like these will occur more often.

    • The post-pandemic world could be a place with more equality on information transparency and diplomatic relationship.

      Countries would know not to suffer becoming honest and candid to the data and measures while employing international aids and support sharing of critical information that saves lives in a time of crisis.

      The post-pandemic world could acknowledge the power of collaboration and global effort on achieving mutual goals. Distribution of resources would be fairer, and the media will be more open to the truth and cease to fabricate so-called news and smear political rivals. People could agree on the idea of collective humanity and not only focus on one country’s interests.

    • The outbreak of COVID-19 no doubt poses an ominous threat to the entirety of humankind, but more importantly, it should sound the alarm to all people that it is indeed a battle between the human race and the virus, rather than between our different communities. In the face of an extremely contagious virus, it should be apparent to everyone that no one gets a free pass against a global pandemic; everyone is just as likely to become infected, whether the individual is male or female, American or Asian, impoverished or privileged. As nations all over the world recognize that helping their neighbors is in a way saving themselves from the fatal virus, it should therefore be reasonable to prioritize the general welfare of the whole population before that of an individual nation. When the distinction between “us” and “them” is erased, resources would then be shared more generously; the effort that would otherwise be used to hoard and guard supplies against one another would now be more efficiently applied to prevent a common crisis collectively. When nations consider themselves to be in equal positions, policies and compromises would be made on the base of benefit for all instead of in the favor of certain nations in power. The world would be more fair and equitable not only in the sense that everyone is united together; it is also the idea and realization that humanity as a whole is working cooperatively in order to become the best version of itself.

    • Covid-19 is in every aspect a crucial event, which could nonetheless, if addressed properly, have two major positive impacts on our current sociopolitical systems. First, as Harari artfully analyzes, one thing that is lost in contemporary societies, which takes us further and further away from the ideal global system we are hoping for, is trust between the people and the governors. Being a social experiment, the pandemic could help restore this trust if today’s leaders engaged in an effort to promote the spread of accurate information while enabling citizens to make their own choices. In addition, since this phenomenon has created shared concerns, fears, and the need of common solutions, the pandemic is a great chance for humanity to unify under a greater global whole. It is a perfect setting for stronger bonds to develop across nations, and for antagonizing and conflicting interests to lessen.

    • Though the inevitable future that will follow the pandemic might be frightening, acquiring accurate statistics and information to make informed decisions and conversations is crucial.
      Yuval Harari does a phenomenal job explaining some issues to take into consideration. I believe one of the most important points he mentioned explains, “Whenever people talk about surveillance, remember that the same surveillance technology can usually be used not only by governments to monitor individuals — but also by individuals to monitor governments.”

      Acquiring accurate data can be extremely difficult during these tumultuous times. Misinformation comes in all shapes and sizes right to your doorstep. If you don’t focus on the facts and the statistics provided by reliable and proven resources, your views and future decisions may be skewed.
      By spreading and creating easily accessible statistics that are reliable for the majority of the public, we can work with one another and skip the ensuing disagreements between two sides. With equal mindsets and similar goals, both nations and individual people can come to conclusions and results in rapid fashion, all the while being extremely accurate and considerate.

    • If we embraced a condition of international cooperation incited by the pandemic, it would unequivocally leave the post-corona world a better place than it was before. Economically speaking, trade between countries will always leave both parties better off; this is not an opinion, but a principle. We currently do this with material goods, but this idea can be extended beyond commercialism. Harari touches upon how international cooperation would lead to a flow of doctors, scientists, politicians, and experts across national borders. If this became a new social norm, it would facilitate a much advanced “trade” of professions, cultures, ideas, and technological development that would almost certainly raise global GDP as well as raise the affluence/standard of living for developing countries.

    • The world after the COVID-19 pandemic must change. It must change to ensure that the next significant problem will not catch us by surprise. This all starts and ends with trust, trust in science, politicians, but more importantly, we have to trust ourselves to make the right decisions when the time comes(Harari). Harari says that politicians have undermined the trust in science and public authorities over the last couple of years and in public. This leads to confusion and misinformation, barriers to an effective response to a worldwide emergency. The pandemic has proven that our government’s mistrust in its citizens has contributed to the public neglect of impending sickness. Politicians should trust the public with more information to make more informed personal decisions.

    • I believe it is possible for the post pandemic world to be left a more equitable and fair place for all people if we choose to take action on the things that matter most to us.The pandemic has brought to light many of the injustices and social issues that our country has been struggling with for a long time. It unfortunately took drastic tragedies within the context of the pandemic for these issues to be brought to people’s attention and awareness to be spread. Personally, I know that this year has forced me to grow tremendously and helped me reach a better understanding of the importance and value of human life, knowing to never take that for granted. As Harari mentioned, I also find it is important that we acknowledge more global collaboration and communication in a post pandemic world in order to protect and prepare for emergencies like the Covid 19 pandemic. While we are all still processing the trauma and pain of this past year, I see a future where we, as a society, move forward in a more positive and motivated direction.

    • Covid-19 has brought light to disparities between various social classes. Those who are white and can afford the vaccine are prioritized while poorer people of color do not get the same luxury. There has essentially been two pandemics in the United States. One for the wealthy and one for the poor. While poorer citizens struggle to make ends meet those who are well off have not had the same issues to worry about. For a lot of people, Covid-19 has taken much from them, wether it be a loved one or their source of income. Although we are all living through the same pandemic, the circumstances are not the same for everyone. An equal post pandemic world would give financial aid and medical treatment to those who need it. An equal post pandemic world would be a world where we do not blame people of different backgrounds for a pandemic.

    • If countries would be more willing to communicate and work with each other then a Post-Covid-19 Pandemic World could be fairer. Another attribute that would add to a more fair world would be countries taking responsibility where responsibility needs to be taken. As Harari notes in his essay, “Even if the current administration eventually changes track and comes up with a plan of action, few would follow a leader who never takes responsibility.” Pointing mainly to the US and how it has treated other countries over the duration of the pandemic, if all countries could take responsibility for their own pitfalls, then we can grow as a population and look towards a brighter, fairer future together. But until we as a humanity stop pointing blame on other countries and people will never be able to face the real problems in society and make actual change. Because if we don’t, instead we will be stuck running from our problems finding short-term solutions that may or may not actually work.

    • COVID-19 exposed many inequalities that were either previously ignored or tolerated. The virus highlighted racial, economic, and gender inequality in the workforce, education, and health care within the United States.

      While the pandemic has been tough for everyone, it has been the most difficult for people of color, low-income citizens, and women.

      Here are some examples of the inequalities exposed:

      • Sadly, African Americans have been dying from COVID-19 at a higher rate than whites. Possible explanations are various social-economic factors. People of color are more likely to lack health care and health insurance, more likely to live in crowded conditions, more likely to be front-line workers, more likely to have pre-existing health conditions, and more likely to live in polluted areas.
      • When schools closed and went remote, wealthier schools with more technology were better suited for a transition to online learning; meanwhile, some schools could not provide any instruction for extensive periods.
      • By highlighting these structural issues in the country, the United States may implement steps to reduce inequality in a post-pandemic world. For instance, the country will likely build up its healthcare infrastructure. The government may provide grants to schools to pay for laptops for every student who does not have one. Hopefully, the United States can learn and become a more equitable country.
    • In my opinion, the pandemic has allowed numerous groups of people to find their voices in their societies. With the freedom and luxury of time, so many took to the streets standing for justice and change. From global protests for racial justice to government reform, the world has witnessed so much unity and division.

      With this, so much can derive. We, as a people, have found the power in standing up and fighting for what we believe in. We have realized the force in numbers and the truths of so many.

      As this pandemic strips so many basic survival tools, we somehow start with a new page of facing this “new normal” together.

    • As Harari wrote, the pandemic has led to an increased reliance on technology in all aspects of life. Apart from looking at the increase of technological consumption from a political angle, there lies the social aspect. Before, during, and presumably, after the pandemic, the digital divide prevented many low-income areas and families from accessing wifi, computers, and the internet. The pandemics’ reliance on these technologies for school, work, and social activities meant that this digital divide had to be addressed. One way that the pandemic made the world more equitable is through companies, schools, and nonprofits supplying technology to make the zoom era more attainable.

    • The coronavirus pandemic has reached almost every country in the world. After successful mass vaccination programs throughout the world, people’s life will ultimately back to “normal.” However, the world will be much different than the world before in various ways. The development of many technologies, for instance, the emerges of face-recognizing cameras and the QR codes that capture people’s health information, and movements represent the advancement of our health which might bring people hope in facing future pandemics. Revolts, political turmoil, enormous death population, and other social problems were also revealed during this pandemic and might lead to more social instability in the world.

      This panic took not only away many lives but also caused severe negative influences on the global economy. Approximately 26 million Americans have been unemployed since the coronavirus outbreak began; many small businesses closed up in China due to the numerous quarantines since January 2020. All of these issues need a long period of time and effective political measures to fix and recover. Thus, it is hard to have a conjecture of could the world be a fairer world than the one we left behind; however, I believe the world will be more developed and better as now, we are forced to face and solve those social, economic, and political problems which have been hide under false appearances for centuries.

    • The current global pandemic highlights a major issue in our world today, a lack of connection. In his article, Harari brings us back to the global economic crisis of 2008 and the last epidemic that the world faced in 2014. He explains how the U.S. specifically, took the lead in recovery efforts and in bringing the world together. However, he contrasts that with the current situation in which he likens political leaders to children who cannot come to a consensus and work together and every country seems to be fending for themselves. The lack of connection and communication within and between countries is a main determinant for the slow progress that the world has made during this pandemic as well as the spread of this virus. In order for us to get to the post-pandemic life that we have been longing for, the world needs to mend its relationships and take into consideration all of humanity and not just for individual protection. For a more equitable post-pandemic world, it is crucial for the international community to maintain trust and be willing to communicate with one another.

    • Post pandemic world could be a more equitable and fair place if the information could be communicated in a transparent, accurate, and timely manner. Human beings are the species with collective consciousness, and the highly social connection led to civilization and modernization. As Harari mentions, “ countries should be willing to share information openly and humbly seek advice, and should be able to trust the data and the insights they receive,” the post-pandemic world could gain deeper realization and acknowledgment about the power of global collaboration on achieving reciprocal goals. Countries could strengthen candid and unmistakable communication, assistance, and cooperation with each other; resources could be used more fairly, and data could be delivered transparent and truthful. Only global effort could avoid the occurrence of pandemics and ensure the health of humanity.

    • The post-pandemic world will be fairer because it pushes all humanity to work together. People will never work together if there is no common enemy to deal with. Now, the Covid-19 is our common enemy to face. And only through mass collaboration can make us defeat covid in the fastest way. Also, the pandemic has made almost all the things available online. This lowers the requirement to get a good education or have access to useful sources.

    • The COVID-19 outbreak is a global health issue that has affected the entirety of society tremulously. In the post-pandemic world, everyone would benefit from transparency between nations to share information and seek advice. The insight that can be provided between nations can save a multitude of lives as the distribution of medical supplies would be more effectively and fairly administered. Harari mentions that countries should rather depend on coordinated global effort rather than hoarding equipment for our country because it would accelerate the process of distribution. The battle is between the virus and humanity rather than a battle to see who gets the vaccine first or who has the least hospitalizations. As humankind, we must come together and realize that we will never get through this without prioritizing the health of the entire population instead of the narrowed focus of our own individual nation. If nations were to unite and exchange information there would be an opportunity to have conversations that would lead to global policies and compromising based on the maximum benefit for all nations. This would create a more fair and equitable society as the people share a common goal to work to help the world as a whole.

    • I believe that a post-pandemic world could be fairer and more equitable due to how it exposes blatant inequalities in the world and between different groups of people, and allows society to personally reflect on this matter. The pandemic had urged more open conversations to take place, especially in regards to racial inequality, and this could stimulate more positive change or advocation for change to take place post-pandemic. Furthermore, I believe the pandemic will allow society as a whole to reset and rethink certain structures or concepts, as people realize that their differences are an inferior matter when compared to the external danger of the virus.

    • If the pandemic has done anything it has shined a light on the most negative hidden parts of our society. Our institutions are flawed and with those flaws now clear as day I have no doubt that after the pandemic is over we can address them. The hardest thing will be ignoring the people who tell us to move on we have to continue to speak out about the issues that need to be addressed. Systematic oppression, racism, and gun violence will not go away with the pandemic. In a post pandemic world we can being to examine these flaws and heal as a nation.

    • Harari explores the issues surrounding COVID-19 through the lens of 5 different human-value-centered debates: totalitarian surveillance vs citizen empowerment; nationalist isolation vs global solidarity; privacy vs health (although he believes we should enjoy both privacy and health); trust, accessible, reliable information and widespread compliance vs disorder; and lastly well-informed population vs policed, ignorant population. Because Montaigne values honesty/transparency, authenticity, vulnerability, and generally enjoys thinking about systems (social or government), I think he would find Harari’s article on the COVID-19 pandemic to be intriguing, as well as in line with his values. He would appreciate the approach that Harari takes in this article, openly flowing from thought to thought and debate to debate. In terms of the stances Montaigne would take on each debate himself, I believe he would be very similar to Harari. His love for freedom of thought and expression would lead him to be rather fearful of the biometric data tracker idea, and in relationship to that, he would agree that both privacy and health are important. He would also like the point Harari makes that trust and information begets compliance, cooperation, and global solidarity. Just like Harari is, I think Montaigne would be really motivated by the idea of global solidarity, and similarly very hopeful for a united, not just virus-less future, but for a more interconnected, open, and understanding humankind.

    • One of the characters that we have been studying and that I believe would have a somewhat odd point of view regarding the current crisis is Niccolo Machiavelli. Machiavelli, was an italian political philosopher from the renaissance era, who wrote in his book “The Prince” that is better for a leader to be feared rather than loved and he received a lot of criticism for it and was categorized as amoral, but in my opinion he was just being rational and practical and he gave good advice on how to rule at thatspecific time period. If Machiavelli were to be alive in this era I think he would advice nations to only care about themselves and protect its citizens at all costs, and he would agree with Thucydides in that the strong do what they want and the weak suffer what they must. In other words he would advocate against intranational cooperation, and go for an isolation tactic.

    • If Michel de Montaigne is going through the pandemic in 2020 like us, he would use the form of essay to carefully ponder and examine the new issues that have emerged relative to his own observation of the world. For example, Harari talks about both the positive and negative sides of surveillance technology. Montaigne would probably take the same approach to openly discuss both sides. However, Montaigne might focus more on the connection between human nature to this problem which might be why humans want privacy and dislike surveillance from the government. He might also question what part of humanity determines society to move forward in a particular direction. Maybe instead of focusing on technology and making conjecture from a relatively scientific perspective, he is more likely to explore his own journey with the pandemic and suspect what effects it might have on different individuals from a cultural perspective. He would be humble to look inside his country to find the insufficiency of how his country responding to COVID and compare it to other countries. Then he would self-reflect on what his country and himself could have done better during the pandemic.

    • The post-pandemic world in America is a fractured one. However, I would argue these divisions existed before Covid-19, and the extenuating circumstances simply exposed them to us more obviously. There is a lot of talk surrounding personal choice, in a time when things like herd immunity and a collective will could be extremely beneficial. In a way, this could be considered similar to the emphasis on the individual person during the time of the Renaissance. Though, I would argue that emphasis on one’s individual musings is less harmful when painting a portrait, and potentially deadly when deciding whether or not to take precautions against a global virus.

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