Chicago Style Footnotes

The upcoming Campus Map and Philosophical Dialogue both present opportunities to practice Chicago Style footnote citations. After all, in-text parenthetical citations leave a relatively light footprint on the page, like so.1 Note the placement of the footnote: after the period ending the sentence, not before. This minor contrast with a parenthetic citation is especially striking when you end a sentence with a quotation:

  • MLA: “the sentence ends” (Appleby 3).
  • Chicago: “the sentence ends.”2

There are two distinct steps to creating good footnote references:

  1. Figure out how to create a footnote or endnote in your word processing app.
    • Pages, Word and GoogleDocs all have an “insert footnote” command in the Insert menu. Use it.
  2. Master the intricacies of Chicago Style footnote citations. The basic format is:
    • Book:
      • 1. Yuval Noah Harari, Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind. (New York: Harper, 2015), p 23.
    • News article:
      • 2. John Lancaster, “The Case Against Civilization,” The New Yorker, 18 Sep 2017, [page, if any].
    • Academic journal article:
      • 3. Mark Gius, “The effects of state and Federal gun control laws on school shootings,” Applied Economics Letters 25 no.5 (2018): 318.
    • A source cited earlier (the short form):
      • 4. Yuval Noah Harari, Sapiens p 38.
    • A source cited in the previous note: (note that you need to give the page number, even if it’s the same as in the previous note)
      • 5. Ibid., p 38.
    • Further details and examples here.

For practice, try this Quiz: this quiz on Blackboard (scored for completion as HW).

Then, demonstrate mastery on this scored Quiz: this quiz on Blackboard.

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