D6 Class 11.1

Apr 6

Article Summary

Last week I had you briefly summarize three journal articles. For this assignment, I'd like a more in-depth summary, the sort you will need to offer in the upcoming Annotated Bibliography. Write a brief 3-paragraph summary of the most interesting or controversial of the academic journal articles you've found so far in your research, using the following template (revised early this morning, so OK with me if your HW follows the original one):

  • Topic: In the first ¶, focus on summarizing the the material the article covers/presents. In what sense is this a narrow part of your much broader research topic?
  • Thesis: In the second ¶, focus on summarizing the author's vision/understanding of that topic. How does the author distinguish his/her thesis from the work of prior scholars? Alternatively, how does the author's vision differ from that of other scholars you've read?
  • Evidence: In a third ¶, what kinds of evidence does the author present? Data and statistics? Personal letters? News articles? Interviews?
  • Be sure to give a proper Chicago Style bibliographic entry, so I can find your article if I need to.

Paste this HW into the comment field, below.

In Class Reading for controversy, as well as for consensus.

18 responses to “D6 Class 11.1

    • Morris makes the argument for U.S. intervention in Cambodia being positive. Coming from a topic on American intervention in the Middle East, which is almost always portrayed as negative, it’s interesting to see how different countries and regions are viewed with respect to America’s history of intervention in them.

    • I think your topic and especially the controversy about the usefulness of the Eisenhower Doctrine of 1957 is very interesting. Studying the white-collar crime, I think that the broadness of the doctrine, which came from its application on nations of “international communism” instead of just Soviet military forces, could end up resembling the phenomenon where employers retain “rights” to conduct crimes like environmental harm, in order to maximize their profits and reduce their costs.

    • Solveig Granath and Magnus Ullen, “The Elevation of Sensitivity over Truth’: Political Correctness and Related
      Phrases in the Time Magazine Corpus

  1. In the anthology Outer Space and Popular Culture: Influences and Interrelations, the chapter by Nicolas Ringas “The Influence of Mass Media on Society’s Views of Space Travel During the Cold War” discusses the impact of various forms of media on the public’s view of the space race. Specifically, Ringas brings up journals, films, and posters that portray the government’s intentions behind these mass media pieces. This chapter narrows down my broader research topic of how space exploration impacted American culture by pinpointing a particular portion of the culture, the media aspect, and even more precisely mass media.

    Ringas utilizes his chapter to describe the shift from the public being nervous at the very beginning of space exploration to their common acceptance and interest in the space race after the publication of mass media. He explains how people at first believed that space exploration was dangerous and therefore were against the government spending money on these ventures. But, as time went on and more general media outlets released visual depictions of what became the International Space Station, making the technology behind the shuttle widely understandable, the public began to come around to the idea of the space race. Additionally, Ringas mentions the change in schools’ curriculum as teachers began to focus more heavily on STEM topics and even went as far as to “installed space-themed playground equipment.” This vision of concentrating on mass media and education sets apart Ringas from other scholars that I’ve come across.

    Throughout this chapter, Ringas brings up a variety of media for evidence to support his arguments. He focuses on a journal, film, and propaganda poster, specifically Collier’s Magazine from 1952, Disney’s Man in Space Film from 1955, and American Space Poster from the early 1960s. By pointing out the visual aspects from these sources Ringas is able to prove his point regarding the public’s shift towards a more positive perspective regarding the space race.

    Ringas, Nicolas. “The Influence of Mass Media on Society’s Views of Space Travel During the Cold War.” Essay. In Outer Space and Popular Culture Influences and Interrelations, edited by Annette Froehlich, 1–14. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2020.

  2. The article titled “1960s surfsploitation films: Sex, the bikini, and the active female body” written by Joan Ormrod is detailed account of an smaller aspect of the sexual revolution during this period in American history. Ormrod discusses how the media exploited the sport of surfing for its personal gain in that it used the female body to attract its target audience of young adult men. This exploitation evolves into that of women themselves as they are dressed in a new sensual fashion item of the bikini that “exposed, whilst containing, the threat of the powerful female body” (Ormrod). As I am analysing the relationship between fashion and the rise of increased sexuality, the role of the bikini is essential to understanding the national attitude towards sex and how women in the media were used to perpetuate this idea.

    Joan Ormrod seems to be taking a magnifying glass to the world of entertainment that utilizes sex to promote movies, and vice versa, as she focuses in on the eroticization of teenage life in film and the fashion industry. She argues how the contradiction of the bikini represents the “conflicts relating to hedonism, eroticism, health and danger” as the active, yet passive, female body serves as the vehicle for this meaning. But more specifically, the combination of the two, the bikini and the female body, work to illustrate the American teenager as “primitive, sexy, and wild” through promotions for films with ridiculously simple plots set on beaches that express a site “where culture and nature clash”. These surfsploitation films illustrated the cultural friction women experienced in the 1960s as the power of their sexuality was recognized, “yet they were expected to do the right thing, renounce their power in favour of a ring and domesticity” (Ormrod).

    The primary source of evidence for the author comes from film posters and fashion advertising. Her knowledge of surfsploitation films is extensive as she not only uses the promotional aspect of a movie to strengthen her argument, but the particular aspects as well, like soundtrack, cast, and plot. To make her argument more generalized to the decade, she also draws on other genres of entertainment that market the bikini to augment an audience’s interest.

    Joan Ormrod, “1960s surfsploitation films: Sex, the bikini and the active female body”, Film, Fashion & Consumption, Vol 7 Iss 2, 2018, https://www.proquest.com/docvi.....untid=9676.

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